Gynecomastia is a special medical condition in which the breast sizes will increase in males. While some people will get pain others will not have any pain. There will be psychological impact on the person. It is difficult to avoid embarrassing situations especially when it is required to change dress in public places. There are various risk factors that lead to gynecomastia. However, the exact cause is not figured out so that it is difficult to prevent the disorder. However, through diagnosis and knowing about various factors that led to the gynecomastia, it is possible to avoid further complications. There are various kinds of medications and the success rate is increasing at a gradual pace.
Who Are at risk?
Gynecomastia can affect males at any age. If it is present during infancy, it will subside in the later stages. Some children will be affected by gynecomastia at puberty stage. There are males who will be affected by this condition at an older age. In most of the cases, the condition will subside automatically. The changes in the body will trigger the event and the breasts will be restored to normalcy automatically.
There are various risk factors which include obesity, cirrhosis of liver and kidney failure. Hyperthyroidism will also increase the risk for the onset of gynecomastia. The side effects of various kinds of medications and abuse of drugs will lead to gynecomastia.
If the breasts are not going to their natural levels, medical attention is required. The physician will examine the condition of the breasts and will also go through the past medical history of the patient. Various kinds of tests are conducted so that the exact cause for the disorder will be ascertained.
If the onset is present for less than 12 months, the disorder can be controlled through medication. On the other hand, if it is beyond 12 months, surgery might be the only option. The risk to breast cancer will not be present due to surgery or the disorder. If the breast cancer is suspected, the case should be referred to oncologist on urgent basis. After diagnosis, the condition will be mentioned into four grades. They are minor enlargement without skin excess, moderate enlargement with or without skin excess and marked enlargement with skin access.
It is not possible to prevent the occurrence of gynecomastia as the exact cause is not known. By minimizing the risk factors, you will not offer a suitable atmosphere for the onset of gynecomastia. In most of the cases, the enlargement will subside automatically. It will happen within 6 months after the onset of symptoms. If the symptoms are present for more than 12 months and if there is a formation of scar, it is not possible to treat the condition through medication. In such cases, surgery will be the only option. If the onset is for less than 12 months, gynecomastia will be treated with various kinds of medications. If the issue is less related to the production of testosterone, the disorder can be treated more efficiently.